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Single and Sequential Voluntary Cough in Children with Chronic Spinal Cord Injury

ELSEVIER Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology Journal

As published in ELSEVIER Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology

We investigated the impact of Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) on cough capacity in 10 children (Mean ± SD, age 8 ± 4 years) and compared it to 15 typically developing children (age 8 ± 3 years). Participants underwent spirometry, single and sequential cough assessment with surface-electromyography from respiratory muscles. Inspiratory phase duration, inspiratory phase peak flow, inspiratory phase rise time, compression phase duration, expiratory phase rise time, expiratory phase peak airflow (EPPF) and cough volume acceleration (CVA) parameters of single and sequential cough were measured. Root mean square (RMS) values of right pectoralis-major, intercostal, rectus-abdominus (RA), and oblique (OB) muscles were calculated and mean of three trials were compared. The significance criterion was set at P < 0.05. The SCI group produced significantly lower lung volumes, EPPF, CVA, and RMS values of RA and OB during expiratory phases of single and sequential coughs. The decrease in activation in expiratory muscles in the SCI group accounts for the impaired expiratory flow and may contribute to risk of respiratory complications. This publication was authored by:

  • Goutam Singh, PhD
  • Beatrice Ugiliweneza, PhD
  • Scott Bickel, MD/L
  • Andrea L. Behrman, PhD, PT, FAPTA

Read the Complete Published Journal in ELSEVIER Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology.

Posted in Pediatric Publication