Menu Close

Epi-Stim Timeline

 

 Epidural Stimulation Timeline
Oct, 2020

Published in the Frontiers of Neuroscience

We assessed the cardiac structure and function before and after spinal cord epidural stimulation (scES) with task-specific interventions and found significant improvements to cardiac structure, systolic function, and diastolic function.

READ THE COMPLETE ARTICLE

Aug, 2020

Published in Experimental Physiology

Does long‐term epidural stimulation for normalizing cardiovascular function affect leg muscle properties?

  • Leg lean mass increased after long‐term epidural stimulation for cardiovascular function, which was applied in the sitting position and did not activate the leg muscles. Leg muscle strength and fatigue resistance, assessed in a subgroup of individuals, also increased.

READ THE COMPLETE ARTICLE

Mar, 2014

Published in the American Psychological Society

Epidural Stimulation can activate both afferent and efferent pathways. A more localized set of electrodes within an electrode array, which allows more selective activation.

READ THE COMPLETE ARTICLE

Jan, 2013

Proof of Principle

Motor Control Original Study 1

  • T4 motor and sensory complete
Nov, 2011

Proof of Principle

Motor Control Original Study 1

  • C7 motor complete
  • Sensory complete
Aug, 2011

Proof of Principle

Motor Control Original Study 1

  • T4 motor and sensory complete
May, 2011

Published in The Lancet

Task specific training with epidural stimulation may have reactivated previously silent spared neural circuits or promoted plasticity.

  • Case Study
    “Clinically” motor complete, sensory incomplete. Voluntary movement and standing with epidural stimulation only, after stand training.
    READ THE COMPLETE ARTICLE
Dec, 2009

Proof of Principle

Motor Control Original Study 1

  • C7/T1 motor complete
  • Sensory incomplete
EMG Assessment During Stand-scES
Step Stimulation
Voluntary Movement Stimulation

Epidural Stimulation Program


Epidural Stimulation Timeline


Motor Control


Cardiovascular and Respiratory


Bladder, Bowel and Sexual Function


Publications – Epidural Stimulation