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Epi-Stim Timeline


 Epidural Stimulation Timeline
Apr 20

Dr Behrman’s Research Team are 2023 Vogel Award Recipients

ASIA American Spinal Injury Association

The Research Team worked with children with spinal cord injury in clinical trials to determine the safety and efficacy of transcutaneous spinal stimulation to enable upright sitting posture. As dedicated researchers involved in Pediatric SCI rehabilitation, their published work has been recognized by ASIA with the Vogel Award as a best paper for 2023.

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Jun 01

Honorees of the Susan J. Harkema Pediatric NeuroRecovery Research Award

Susan J. Harkema Pediatric NeuroRecovery Research Award

The Susan J. Harkema Pediatric NeuroRecovery Research Award honors Dr. Susan Harkema recognizing her enduring generosity in sharing her vision to advance recovery for adults with spinal cord injury to children with SCI, the contributions of her research as the foundation and catalyst for recovery, and her unwavering support of the Pediatric NeuroRecovery Program. The award was established in 2022 by the Kosair for Kids Center for Pediatric NeuroRecovery.


This Year’s 2022 Recipients are:

  • Dr. Yury Gerasimenko
    Dr. Gerasimenko is the first recipient of this award, awarded on May 20, 2022.
  • Dr. Goutam Singh
    Dr. Singh is the second recipient of this award, awarded on May 20, 2022.

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May 10

Pediatric NeuroRecovery Recognized by the Kentucky Network for Innovation & Commercialization for their Advancement in Technology

UofL News

The Kentucky Network for Innovation & Commercialization (KYNETIC) has selected its first round of promising university-born health and medical technologies, each of which will receive training and $33,000 for development.

Six projects were selected this funding cycle, two of which are from UofL:

  • Pediatric NeuroRecovery Posture Control System (researcher: Andrea Behrman, PhD, PT, FAPTA)
  • Vertify Probe: Intraoperative Device for Measurement of Bone Quality (researchers: Stuart Williams, Maxwell Boakye, and Michael Voor)

KYNETIC is a statewide program supported by $6.6 million in funding, including a $4 million Research Evaluation and Commercialization Hub (REACH) grant from the National Institutes of Health and matching funds. The goal is to advance the most promising biomedical research innovations — including pharmaceuticals, devices and apps — from the state’s eight public universities and the Kentucky Community & Technical College System (KCTCS).


Read the Complete UofL News Story

Apr 01

New Controller Developed at UofL Improves Home Use of Epidural Stimulation for People With Spinal Cord Injuries

Keith Smith, who has tetraplegia, takes independent control of an implanted Medtronic Intellis Neurostimulator, allowing him to take advantage of the stimulator’s benefits.

When Keith Smith recently got a new tablet, it wasn’t for watching videos or scanning social media. Instead, this tablet allows Smith, who has tetraplegia, more independent control of an implanted Medtronic Intellis neurostimulator, allowing him to better take advantage of the stimulator’s benefits for the disabling effects of a spinal cord injury. Smith received the stimulator two years ago while participating in a study involving individuals paralyzed by spinal cord injuries at the University of Louisville’s Kentucky Spinal Cord Injury Research Center (KSCIRC). The stimulator has provided Smith benefits such as voluntary movement, increased trunk control and improved blood pressure regulation.


Read the UofL News Story

Feb 17

Spinal Cord Stimulation: Jerod’s Victories Over Paralysis

Jerod Nieder and Hanna Alcock
For the past decade, researchers at the Kentucky Spinal Cord Injury Research Center have studied the impact of epidural stimulation, which is a small amount of electrical current applied to the spine, on people with spinal cord injury. The technology has gotten better over the past few years, and now some patients are achieving what most believed would never be possible. One man celebrates his personal victory over paralysis, one milestone at a time. At the Kentucky Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, scientists use programmed electrical stimulation to help patients stand and control their core. Jerod is one of 38 patients with a stimulator inside his body. “The electrode is a 16-electrode array. It contains 16 contacts, and it is implanted in what’s called the lumbar sacral spinal cord,” Claudia Angeli, PhD, director of the Epidural Stimulation Program at the University of Louisville, explained.

Read the Entire Story at IVANHOE News

Feb 08

New York Man With Paralysis Stands 39 Years After Injury Thanks To UofL’s Spinal Cord Research

Henry and Mary Stifel
Hoping to change the trajectory of spinal cord injury research, dubbed the “graveyard of neuroscience,” Henry Stifel and his father started a foundation to raise money and fund research that would give hope for recovery to people with spinal cord injuries. That foundation eventually merged with the American Paralysis Association and later with what now is known as the Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation, supporting research and advocacy for individuals with spinal cord injury.

Read the Entire Story at UofL News

Sep 22

Ashley Williams isRegaining Movement as a Participant in Our Epidural Stimulation Trials.

Ashley Williams moved to Louisville more than a year ago to participate in spinal cord injury research with the Kentucky Spinal Cord Injury Research Center. She now has hope for more independence. Ashley is a participant in our first randomized trial with epidural stimulation. The primary goal of that project is to look at the efficacy of epidural stimulation in regulation of blood pressure in individuals. Williams is already seeing some improvement. She is still in the very early stages post-surgery and is currently working on tasks like trying to bring her knees up to her chest. “I want people to know that just because I’m not walking doesn’t mean I haven’t made recovery,” Ashley said. “When I first came home from the hospital, I couldn’t move my right arm at all. I could barely twitch my left arm. Now, I can move both my arms. I can do all kinds of things.”

Read the Entire Story at WDRB News

May 05

University of Louisville’s Kosair Charities Center for Pediatric Neurorecovery

 Kosair for Kids






KOSAIR Charities - Supporting Organizations

In 2014, Kosair for Kids invested in a vision to provide the best care for spinal cord injuries, conduct cutting-edge research to guide our therapies, and to train the next generation of therapists, physicians, and researchers in a recovery-based program. With a $7.3 million investment, the University of Louisville’s Kosair for Kids Center for Pediatric Neurorecovery was established for children with spinal cord injuries like Luke.

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Apr 26

Pediatric NeuroRecovery PowerStep

Pediatric PowerStep
Researchers at the University of Louisville’s Kentucky Spinal Cord Injury Research Center and clinicians at Frazier Rehab Institute use ‘locomotor training’, a therapy designed to access the ‘smart’ spinal cord, even below the injury in paralyzed children to help them recover the ability to sit, stand, and in some instances, even walk again.

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EMG Assessment During Stand-scES
Step Stimulation
Voluntary Movement Stimulation

Epidural Stimulation Program

Epidural Stimulation Timeline

Motor Control

Cardiovascular and Respiratory

Bladder, Bowel and Sexual Function

Publications – Epidural Stimulation